Nationalities in Spanish
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Every country and continent has an adjective that can be used to describe people and things from that place, using the verb ser. Those same adjectives can also be used as nouns to refer to people from that place.

Por ejemplo…

No soy español. I’m not Spanish.
Tengo una tía española. I have a Spanish aunt.
Conozco a un colombiano. I know a Columbian (man).

Here are some nationalities and "continentalities" you might need to know.

Noun / Adjective Nationality 
African africanoafricana
American (North + South) americano*americana
American from USA estadounidenseestadounidense
Argentine argentinoargentina
Asian asiáticoasiática
Australian australianoaustraliana
Brazilian brasileñobrasileña
Canadian canadiensecanadiense
Chinese chinochina
Colombian colombianocolombiana
Egyptian egipcioegipcia
English inglésinglesa
European europeoeuropea
French francésfrancesa
German alemánalemana
Indian indioindia
Italian italianoitaliana
Japanese japonésjaponesa
Mexican mejicanomejicana
Polish polacopolaca
Portuguese portuguésportuguesa
Russian rusorusa
Spanish españolespañola
Swiss suizosuiza
Ukrainian ucranianoucraniana

Irregular nationality agreement


Many nationalities are identical to their respective languages.

Nationalities, which are both adjectives and proper nouns, are not capitalized in Spanish. When feminine and/or plural, they follow the same agreement rules as other adjectives.

* This refers to anyone from either North or South America; to talk about someone from the United States, use estadounidense.

 Related lessons

Learn French En français

Learn Italian In italiano

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Nationalities in Spanish

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