What do buying clothes, talking about art, and shopping for fruits and vegetables have in common? Color! If you want to make sure to buy red tomatoes and critique an artist’s use of green, you’ll need to know the Spanish colors.

  amarillo   (yellow) anaranjado   (orange)    
  rojo   (red)
rosado   (pink)
  violeta   (purple)
  azul   (blue)
verde (green) azul claro   (light blue)
    verde oscuro   (dark green)    

blanco  (white)   gris  (gray)

Light and dark

The qualifiers claro (light) and oscuro (dark) can be used with any color:

  • violeta claro, verde claro (light purple, light green)
  • rojo oscuro, azul oscuro (dark red, dark blue)


Like other Spanish adjectives, must change in gender and number to agree with the nouns that they modify. However, there are a few exceptions:

  1. Violeta is invariable.
  2. Azul, verde, and gris have only singular and plural forms; they are the same for masculine and feminine.

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Colors in Spanish