Cinco de Mayo

Commemorative Spanish Vocabulary

Cinco de Mayo - Spanish vocabulary
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Cinco de Mayo commemorates Mexico’s victory over France during the Battle of Puebla in 1862, which stopped the French army’s advance into the country and unified Mexico.*

A few towns in Mexico recreate the battle every 5th of May, while a number of US cities celebrate the holiday with parades and parties featuring Mexcian food, music, and dancing. The holiday is not celebrated – in fact, is virtually unknown – in countries without sizeable Mexican populations.

May 5th Cinco de Mayo
army el ejército
battle una batalla
cannon el cañón
costume el disfraz
culture la cultura
dancing el baile
fireworks los fuegos artificiales
flag la bandera
food la comida
the French los franceses
green verde
history la historia
music la música
outnumbered superado en número
parade el desfile
party una fiesta
patriotism el patriotismo
pride el orgullo
red rojo
reenactment la representación
soldier el soldado
tradition la tradición
tribute el homenaje
victory la victoria
war la guerra
white blanco
to celebrate celebrar
to commemorate conmemorar
to defeat vencer
to expel expulsar
to fight luchar
to lead comandar
to unify unificar
to win ganar

 * Cinco de Mayo celebrates this particular battle, though the final defeat and expulsion of the invading French army occurred 5 years later.

 Cinco de Mayo is not the same thing as Mexican Independence Day (el Grito de Dolores), which is celebrated on 16 September.

French listening comprehension Spanish listening practice

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Spanish lesson plans Spanish lesson plans

Spanish vocabulary for other holidays

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Spanish vocabulary for Cinco de Mayo

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