Perfect Infinitive

Spanish past infinitiveThe Spanish perfect infinitive indicates an action that occurred before the action of the main verb, but only when the subject of both verbs is the same. The perfect infinitive sounds awkward in English – we usually change it to another tense or reword the sentence completely.

   

Pluperfect Subjunctive

SubjuntivoThe pluperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the present subjunctive, but, like the pluperfect indicative, at a point before another action in the past.

   

Present Perfect

Spanish present perfectThe Spanish present perfect is used just like its English counterpart: to express that something has happened at some point before now.

   

Present Perfect Subjunctive

SubjuntivoThe present perfect subjunctive, also known as the past subjunctive or perfect subjunctive, is used when a verb or expression requiring the subjunctive in the main clause is in the present, future, or present perfect and the dependent clause is in the past.

   

Present Progressive

Spanish present progressiveThe Spanish present progressive, or present continuous, is very similar to its English counterpart (to be + -ing). In both languages, the present progressive expresses an in-progress action, with an emphasis on its current, temporary aspect.

   

Present Tense

Spanish present tenseThe Spanish present tense, also known as the present indicative, is very similar in usage to the English simple present, but there are some key differences.

   

Pretérito

Spanish simple pastThe pretérito is the Spanish simple past tense, used to talk about things that were completed in the past.

   

Preterite Perfect

Spanish preterite perfectThe Spanish preterite perfect or past anterior is used to indicate an action in the past that occurred just before another action in the past.

   

Preterite Progressive

Spanish preterite progressiveThe preterite progressive stresses the fact that an action was completed when another event occurred.

   

Pronominal Verbs

Spanish pronominal verbsThe grammatical term “pronominal” means “relating to a pronoun,” so pronominal verbs require a reflexive pronoun. They’re often incorrectly referred to as reflexive verbs, when in fact the latter are just one type of pronominal verb. The defining characteristic of pronominal verbs is that their subjects are acting upon themselves. Pronominal verbs are much more common in Spanish than in English.