The imperative is a verb mood used to give a command, either affirmative (Go!) or negative (Don’t go!).
The singular indefinite articles in Spanish correspond to “a, an, one” in English. The plurals correspond to “some.” There are four Spanish indefinite articles.
An indirect object is a person that someone or something does something to indirectly. In the simplest sentences, the indirect object directly follows a verb + preposition, so it’s very easy to see the effect that the verb has on that person.
A noun is a word that represents a thing, either concrete (e.g., a chair, a dog) or abstract (an idea, happiness). In Spanish, all nouns have a gender.
Although normally prepositions are not used in front of direct objects, in Spanish there is a special preposition called the personal a which precedes direct objects that refer to people, personified nouns, and animals.
The Spanish prepositions por and para tend to be difficult for Spanish students, because they can – but don’t always – both mean “for.” Por is considerably more common, so in theory, you might be able to get away with just memorizing the uses for para and then using por for everything else. In reality, it’s good to learn the rules, so here they are.
Possessive adjectives are the words used in place of articles to indicate to whom or to what something belongs. Their usage is similar to English, but there are some differences in form.
Prepositions are the little words placed in front of nouns in order to indicate a relationship between that noun and the verb, adjective, or noun that follows. Here are some of the most common Spanish prepositions.
Reflexive pronouns are used with pronominal verbs. They always agree with the subject of the sentence and are usually placed directly in front of the verb.
Reflexive verbs must be used with a reflexive pronoun in order to indicate that the subject is performing the action of the verb upon itself. Reflexive verbs exist in English, but they are much more common in Spanish.