The Spanish imperfect subjunctive has two complete sets of conjugations. Although you only need to memorize and use one or the other, you still need to be able to recognize both.
When you start learning Spanish, it’s not just Spanish vocabulary you have to get used to – you’re also introduced to a whole new world of grammatical terms. For many students, one of the most daunting of these is verb conjugations. Just what is a verb conjugation and what does it mean to conjugate a verb?
The mountain of Spanish verb conjugations you have to learn can be overwhelming – even just in the classroom where you have plenty of time to think about the correct response. Once you start talking to people in the real world, trying to figure out the appropriate verb conjugation can leave you speechless – literally. So what’s the solution? Learn, then practice, practice, practice!
Like compound tenses and moods, the Spanish passive voice has two components: some conjugation of ser plus a past participle.
Learn how to conjugate the past participle of regular verbs, as well as the past participles of the most common irregular verbs.
The past perfect, aka pluperfect, is conjugated with the imperfect of the auxiliary verb haber plus a past participle.
The Spanish perfect infinitive is conjugated with the infinitive of the auxiliary verb plus a past participle. For example: haber comido – “having eaten.”
The present perfect is a compound verb formed with the present tense of the auxiliary verb haber + the past participle of the main verb.
Most irregular Spanish verbs have an irregular stem as well as a special set of endings in the pretérito.
Most regular Spanish verbs are conjugated with a standard root (found by dropping the infinitive) plus the appropriate endings.