Spanish Consonant

The pronunciation of the Spanish letter S is pretty straightforward. As in English, there are two pronunciations.

1. The S is usually "soft," like the English S in words like house and some. IPA [s]

Por ejemplo

camisa shirt
escuela school
gris grey
sombrero hat

2. When the S precedes a voiced consonant (b, d, g, l, m, n), it is a "hard" sound, like the S in rose and cause. IPA [z]

Por ejemplo

mismo same
desde since

Please note that this explanation is only a guideline for the Spanish that I know, which is Castilian Spanish. There are many regional variations in Spanish pronunciation.

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Spanish pronunciation