Spanish Consonant

The Spanish letter G can be pronounced in two different ways.

1. When the G precedes A, O, U, or a consonant, it is pronounced like a hard English g. It may also be softened to something approaching 2, below.

Por ejemplo…

agosto   August   Similar English sound
agua   water   gave
galleta   cookie   go
guisantes   peas   gum
grande   big   glow

2. When the G precedes an E or I, it is pronounced like a Spanish J.

None. Somewhat similar to the Parisian R, or the CH in Scottish word loch.

Por ejemplo…

gente   people
gigante   giant

Also see lesson on hard and soft vowels

Please note that this explanation is only a guideline for the Spanish that I know, which is Castilian Spanish. There are many regional variations in Spanish pronunciation.

Related lessons

Learn French En français