The Spanish conditional progressive is very similar to its English counterpart (would be + -ing). In both languages, the conditional progressive expresses an action that would be in progress at a certain point in time.
Demonstrative pronouns (this one, that one, the one[s], these, those) refer to a previously-mentioned noun in a sentence. Spanish demonstrative pronouns are more complicated than their English counterparts, because there are three different sets and because they must agree in gender and number with the noun they replace.
Wouldn’t it be nice if you could plan a perfect future? Too bad that’s not what the future perfect tense does. The grammatical term “perfect” means “completed,” so the future perfect is used to talk about something that will have happened or will have been completed at some point in the future.
The Spanish future progressive is very similar to its English counterpart (will be + -ing). In both languages, the future progressive expresses an action that will be in progress at a certain point in the future.
Several dozen verbs require a reflexive pronoun but are neither reflexive nor reciprocal. These verbs use the reflexive pronoun to create a meaning different from (though often related to) the meaning of their non-pronominal siblings.
The Spanish imperfect progressive is very similar to its English counterpart (was + -ing). In both languages, the imperfect progressive expresses an action that was in progress in the past when it was interrupted by another event.
The Spanish perfect infinitive indicates an action that occurred before the action of the main verb, but only when the subject of both verbs is the same. The perfect infinitive sounds awkward in English – we usually change it to another tense or reword the sentence completely.
In Spanish, you will often see an object pronoun, either direct or indirect, used in addition to the actual noun that it would normally replace. This redundant object pronoun may be required or simply stylistic.
The second conditional is an if-then proposition that expresses an unlikely situation: if something happened (the condition), then something else would happen (the result). The condition is expressed with the imperfect subjunctive, and the potential result is indicated with the conditional.
The third conditional is an if-then proposition that expresses an impossible situation: if something had happened (the condition), then something else would have happened (the result). The condition is expressed with the pluperfect subjunctive and the impossible result is indicated with the pluperfect subjunctive or else the conditional perfect.
There’s an interesting phenomenon in Spanish regarding feminine nouns that begin with a stressed A sound. When these nouns are singular and preceded directly by a definite article, the masculine article is used instead of the feminine article you might expect.
Mood refers to the verb forms that express the attitude of the speaker toward the action/state of the verb – how likely or factual the statement is. The Spanish language has six or seven moods, depending on how you look at it.