Voice, one of the five inflections involved in conjugating Spanish verbs, indicates the relationship between the subject and verb. There are four voices in Spanish:
The subject performs the action of the verb. This is the most common, "normal" voice.
|Lavo la ropa.||I wash the clothes.|
|Rompió la taza.||He broke the cup.||Es profesor de español||He’s a Spanish teacher.|
The action of the verb is performed on the subject by an agent (less common in Spanish).
|La ropa es lavada.||The clothes are washed.|
|La taza fue rota por el perro.||The cup was broken by the dog.||El carro fue vendido.||The car was sold.|
The subject performs the action on itself (considerably less common in English).
|Me lavo.||I’m washing (myself).|
|Se rompió la pierna.||He broke his leg.|
|Quiero mirarme en el espejo.||I want to look at myself in the mirror.|
The action of the verb occurs accidentally (does not exist in English).
|Se me olvidó el libro.||I forgot the book.|
|¿Se te perdióron las llaves?||Did you lose the keys?|
|Sí, se me cayeron ayer.||Yes, I dropped them yesterday.|