Modos de verbos
Verb mood is all about the ‘tude; that is, the speaker’s attitude about the verb, whether it’s a fact, an opinion, a command, or a possibility.
Spanish has six or seven moods, depending on how you look at it.
Impersonal moods – Modos impersonales
Grammatically speaking, impersonal means unrelated to a subject: there is only one form of the verb for all grammatical persons.
|Infinitive||Infinitivo||Nominal verb form – the name of the verb as well as its noun form||ser||to be|
|Participle||Participio||Adjectival verb form||sido||was|
|Gerund||Gerundio||Adverbial verb form||siendo||being|
Personal moods – Modos personales
Personal moods have a different conjugation for each grammatical person.
|Conditional||Potencial||Condition or possibility||serías||you would be|
|Indicative||Indicativo||Indication of a fact – this is the most common, "normal" mood*||eres||you are|
|Subjunctive||Subjuntivo||Subjectivity, doubt, or impossibility||que seas||that you be|
Mood vs Tense
Mood is about attitude, Tense is about time.
- There are three Tenses: present, past, and future, so these tell you when something happens.
- In comparison, Mood indicates how the speaker feels about what’s happening: is it a fact? a supposition? a command? a possibility?
Every verb form has Tense and Mood – they work together, as you can see in my Spanish verb timeline.
* Hint: when the mood is not stated explicitly, for example pretérito, it’s the indicative mood.