Verb Mood

Spanish verb moods
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Modos de verbos

Verb mood is all about the ‘tude; that is, the speaker’s attitude about the verb, whether it’s a fact, an opinion, a command, or a possibility.

Spanish has six or seven moods, depending on how you look at it.

Impersonal moods – Modos impersonales

Grammatically speaking, impersonal means unrelated to a subject: there is only one form of the verb for all grammatical persons.

Infinitive Infinitivo Nominal verb form – the name of the verb as well as its noun form ser to be
Participle Participio Adjectival verb form sido was
Gerund Gerundio Adverbial verb form siendo being

Personal moods – Modos personales

Personal moods have a different conjugation for each grammatical person.

Conditional Condicional Condition or possibility serías you would be
Imperative Imperativo Command sea be
Indicative Indicativo Indication of a fact – this is the most common, "normal" mood* eres you are
Subjunctive Subjuntivo Subjectivity, doubt, or impossibility que seas that you be

  Mood vs Tense

Mood is about attitude, Tense is about time.

  • There are three Tenses: present, past, and future, so these tell you when something happens.
  • In comparison, Mood indicates how the speaker feels about what’s happening: is it a fact? a supposition? a command? a possibility?

Every verb form has Tense and Mood – they work together, as you can see in my Spanish verb timeline.

  * Hint: when the mood is not stated explicitly, for example pretérito, it’s the indicative mood.

Spanish quiz Verb Mood Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on the difference between Spanish verb moods:

Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless Spanish account to take these tests. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!

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Spanish verb moods

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