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Modos de verbos
Verb mood is all about the ‘tude; that is, the speaker’s attitude about the verb, whether it’s a fact, an opinion, a command, or a possibility.
Spanish has six or seven moods, depending on how you look at it.
Impersonal moods – Modos impersonales
Grammatically speaking, impersonal means unrelated to a subject: there is only one form of the verb for all grammatical persons.
|Nominal verb form – the name of the verb as well as its noun form
|Adjectival verb form
|Adverbial verb form
Personal moods – Modos personales
Personal moods have a different conjugation for each grammatical person.
|Condition or possibility
|you would be
|Indication of a fact – this is the most common, "normal" mood*
|Subjectivity, doubt, or impossibility
|that you be
Mood vs Tense
Mood is about attitude, Tense is about time.
- There are three Tenses: present, past, and future, so these tell you when something happens.
- In comparison, Mood indicates how the speaker feels about what’s happening: is it a fact? a supposition? a command? a possibility?
Every verb form has Tense and Mood – they work together, as you can see in my Spanish verb timeline.
* Hint: when the mood is not stated explicitly, for example pretérito, it’s the indicative mood.
Verb Mood Quizzes
Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on the difference between Spanish verb moods:
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