Subjunctive Conjugations

Spanish subjunctive
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Subjuntivo: conjugaciones regulares

To conjugate regular -AR verbs in the subjunctive, take the present tense of the verb and change the A (or O, in yo form) at the beginning of the suffix to E.

HABLAR

PresentSubjunctive
…que yohablohable
…que túhablashables
…que él/ella/Ud. hablahable
…que nosotroshablamoshablemos
…que vosotroshabláishabléis
…que ellos/Uds.hablanhablen

-ER verbs: Take the present tense and change the E (or O) to A.

COMER

 PresentSubjunctive
…que yocomocoma
…que túcomescomas
…que él/ella/Ud.comecoma
…que nosotroscomemoscomamos
…que vosotroscoméiscomáis
…que ellos/Uds.comencoman

-IR verbs: The conjugation rules for -IR verbs are a bit more complicated.

  • yo form – change O to A
  • , él, and ellos forms – change E to A
  • nosotros form – change I to A
  • vosotros form – change Í to ÁI

If this seems too complicated, try this: take off the present tense ending and add the subjunctive ending.

ABRIR

 PresentSubjunctiveSubj. ending
…que yoabroabra-a
…que túabresabras-as
…que él/ella/Ud.abreabra-a
…que nosotrosabrimosabramos-amos
…que vosotrosabrísabráis-áis
…que ellos/Uds.abrenabran-an

Stem-changing verbs: Stem-changing -AR and -ER verbs follow the above rules; they use the same stem as in the present tense and thus maintain their stem changes in the subjunctive.

PENSARPresentSubjunctive
…que yopiensopiense
…que túpiensaspienses
…que él/ella/Ud.  piensapiense
…que nosotrospensamospensemos
…que vosotrospensáispenséis
…que ellos/Uds.piensanpiensen
  
PODER  PresentSubjunctive
…que yopuedopueda
…que túpuedespuedas
…que él/ella/Ud.puedepueda
…que nosotrospodemospodamos
…que vosotrospodéispodáis
…que ellos/Uds.puedenpuedan

Notes

  • In the subjunctive, the first and third person singular conjugations are identical.
  • Spanish subjunctive conjugations are the same as imperative conjugations.
  • Stem-changing -IR verbs are irregular and are thus explained on the irregular conjugations page.

 Subjunctive Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on the Spanish subjunctive with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises:

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More Spanish Subjunctive

Conjugations

Usage

Spanish Subjunctive Tenses

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Spanish subjunctive

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