Subjunctive Conjugations

Subjuntivo: conjugaciones regulares

Spanish subjunctive
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Conjugating regular Spanish verbs in the subjunctive is mostly a matter of changing one vowel to another.

Regular –ar verbs

Take the present tense of the verb and change the A (or O, in yo form) at the beginning of the suffix to E.

HABLAR Present Subjunctive
…que yo hablo hable
…que tú hablas hables
…que él/ella/Ud.   habla hable
…que nosotros hablamos hablemos
…que vosotros habláis habléis
…que ellos/Uds. hablan hablen

Regular –er verbs

Take the present tense and change the E (or O) to A.

COMER   Present Subjunctive
…que yo como coma
…que tú comes comas
…que él/ella/Ud. come coma
…que nosotros comemos comamos
…que vosotros coméis comáis
…que ellos/Uds. comen coman

Regular -ir verbs

These conjugation rules are a bit more complicated.

  • yo form – change O to A
  • , él, and ellos forms – change E to A
  • nosotros form – change I to A
  • vosotros form – change Í to ÁI

If this seems too complicated, try this: take off the present tense ending and add the subjunctive ending.

ABRIR   Present Ending Subjunctive
…que yo abro -a abra
…que tú abres -as abras
…que él/ella/Ud. abre -a abra
…que nosotros abrimos -amos abramos
…que vosotros abrís -áis abráis
…que ellos/Uds. abren -an abran

Stem-changing verbs

Stem-changing –ar and –er verbs follow the above rules; they use the same stem as in the present tense and thus maintain their stem changes in the subjunctive.

PENSAR Present Subjunctive
…que yo pienso piense
…que tú piensas pienses
…que él/ella/Ud.    piensa piense
…que nosotros pensamos pensemos
…que vosotros pensáis penséis
…que ellos/Uds. piensan piensen
PODER    Present Subjunctive
…que yo puedo pueda
…que tú puedes puedas
…que él/ella/Ud. puede pueda
…que nosotros podemos podamos
…que vosotros podéis podáis
…que ellos/Uds. pueden puedan

 Stem-changing –ir verbs are irregular and are thus explained on the irregular conjugations page.


  • In the subjunctive, the first and third person singular conjugations are identical.
  • Spanish subjunctive conjugations are the same as imperative conjugations.

 Subjunctive Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on the Spanish subjunctive with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises:

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More Spanish Subjunctive



Spanish Subjunctive Tenses

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Spanish subjunctive

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