Pretérito Conjugations: Irregular Verbs

Conjugaciones del pretérito: verbos irregulares

Pretérito in Spanish
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Most irregular Spanish verbs have an irregular stem as well as a special set of pretérito endings:

  • -e
  • -iste
  • -o
  • -imos
  • -isteis
  • -ieron

andar (to walk)

stem: anduv-

caber (to fit)

stem: cup-

anduve cupe
anduviste cupiste
anduvo cupo
anduvimos cupimos
anduvisteis cupisteis
anduvieron cupieron
   

estar (to be)

stem: estuv-

haber (auxiliary)

stem: hub-

estuve hube
estuviste hubiste
estuvo hubo
estuvimos hubimos
estuvisteis hubisteis
estuvieron hubieron
 

poder (to be able)

stem: pud-

poner (to put)

stem: pus-

pude puse
pudiste pusiste
pudo puso
pudimos pusimos
pudisteis pusisteis
pudieron pusieron
 

querer (to want)

stem: quis-

saber (to know)

stem: sup-

quise supe
quisiste supiste
quiso supo
quisimos supimos
quisisteis supisteis
quisieron supieron
 

tener (to have)

stem: tuv-

venir (to come)

stem: vin-

tuve vine
tuviste viniste
tuvo vino
tuvimos vinimos
tuvisteis vinisteis
tuvieron vinieron

Other irregular verbs

hacer (to do, make)

The stem is hic– and it takes the above endings. But in the 3rd person singular, what would be "hico" becomes hizo, changing c to z to maintain the same pronunciation as in the other conjugations.

hice
hiciste
hizo
hicimos
hicisteis
hicieron

decir (to say) | traer (to bring)

The stems are dij– and traj– and they take the endings as above except in the 3rd person plural, which loses the "i":

dije   traje
dijiste   trajiste
dijo   trajo
dijimos   trajimos
dijisteis   trajisteis
dijeron   trajeron

Verbs that end in –ducir follow the above pattern with the stem *duj-. For eample, producir (to produce):

produje
produjiste
produjo
produjimos
produjisteis
produjeron

dar (to give) | ver (to see)

Dar and ver have irregular conjugations:

di   vi
diste   viste
dio   vio
dimos   vimos
disteis   visteis
dieron   vieron

ir (to go) | ser (to be)

These two very irregular verbs are identical in the pretérito:

fui
fuiste
fue
fuimos
fuisteis
fueron

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Pretérito - Spanish simple past

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