Present Perfect Subjunctive

Pretérito perfecto de subjuntivo

Spanish subjunctive
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The present perfect subjunctive, also known as the past subjunctive or perfect subjunctive, is used when a verb or expression requiring the subjunctive in the main clause is in the present, future, or present perfect.

You might notice that the same definition holds true for the regular (present) subjunctive, so what’s the difference? It depends on the tense of the dependent clause.

  • The present subjunctive is used when the dependent clause is in the present or future.
  • The present perfect subjunctive is used when the dependent clause is in the past.

 For example, to say "I doubt that you‘ll do it," you’ll use the present subjunctive: Dudo que lo hagas.

But to say "I doubt that you did it," you’ll use the present perfect subjunctive: Dudo que lo hayas hecho.

Otro ejemplo …

Es bueno que estudie.   It’s good that he is studying.
Es bueno que haya estudiado.   It’s good that he studied.

Conjugating the Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive

The present perfect subjunctive is a compound verb formed with the subjunctive of the auxiliary verb haber + the past participle of the main verb.

hablar – to speak
yo haya hablado   nosotros hayamos hablado
hayas hablado   vosotros hayáis hablado
haya hablado   ellos
hayan hablado
salir – to go out
yo haya salido   nosotros hayamos salido
hayas salido   vosotros hayáis salido
haya salido   ellos
hayan salido

More Spanish Subjunctive



Spanish Subjunctive Tenses

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Spanish subjunctive

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