Passive Voice Conjugations

Conjugaciones de la voz pasiva

Voice is a grammatical term which indicates the relationship between a subject and verb. There are three different voices in Spanish (and English): active (what you might call normal), reflexive, and passive.

In the passive voice, the action described by the verb is being done to the subject by an agent.

Active Voice
Reparo los coches.   I repair the cars.
Ella lee el libro.   She is reading the book.
Todo el mundo le respeto a él.   Everyone respects him.
Mis amigos quieren a mi madre.   My friends like my mother.
Passive Voice
Los coches son reparados por mí.   The cars are repaired by me.
El libro es leído por ella.   The book is read by her.

La comida es cocinada a las ocho.   


The meal is cooked at 8 o’clock.

Él es respetado por todo el mundo.   He is respected by the everyone.
Mi madre es querida por mis amigos.   My mother is loved by my friends.


  • The agent (the person performing the action on something else) is introduced by the preposition por.
  • The passive voice has two parts: the conjugated verb ser + the past participle.
  • The past participle has to agree with the subject, not the agent, in gender and number, just like adjectives.

La voz pasiva can occur in all tenses and moods by conjugating ser into that tense or mood:

  Voz activa Voz pasiva
presente yo hago la comida la comida es hecha por mí
pretérito   yo hice la comida la comida fue hecha por mí
imperfecto yo hacía la comida la comida era hecha por mí
futuro yo haré la comida la comida será hecha por mí
subjuntivo …que yo haga la comida   …que la comida sea hecha por mí
et cetera

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