Introduction to Verbs

Presentación de verbos

A verb is the action word in a sentence. It is the word that says what happens, discusses an action, or describes a state of being.

All Spanish verbs have to be conjugated – they have different forms depending on what the subject is. In English, we only have a separate conjugation for the third person singular of a verb: "I sing" becomes "he sings." The verb "to be" has three conjugations:

  1. I am
  2. you are
  3. he is

In Spanish, verbs have 6 conjugations, one for each subject pronoun (I, you, he, etc.)

Verbs come in many varieties: different tenses (present, future), voices, and moods. There are different conjugations for each variety. But don’t get discouraged! There are patterns to the conjugations of most verbs.

5 categories of Spanish verbs

-AR verbs, -ER verbs, and -IR verbs are regular verbs. Regular verbs that end in these letters are all conjugated the same way in all of the tenses. Once you learn how to conjugate one regular verb in each category, you can conjugate the majority of Spanish verbs.

A fourth category is known as stem-changing verbs. These verbs take the same endings as regular verbs, but the spelling of their root changes depending on the subject.

The final category is irregular verbs. These are verbs whose conjugations are unique to them, so you must memorize their conjugations separately.

Most common Spanish verbs