Introduction to Verbs

Spanish verbs
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Presentación de verbos

Verbs are action words that express the action (He runs) or state of being (I am tired) of a sentence. They are one of the main parts of speech.

Spanish verbs have to be “conjugated” or “inflected”; that is, changed according to how they are used. They have five to six different conjugations for each tense and mood.

The basic form of a verb is called the infinitive and is the name of the verb. The English infinitive is “to” followed by a verb, while the Spanish infinitive is a single word with one of three infinitive endings (-ar, –er, or –ir). These can then be further divided into

A) Regular verbs, which follow a standard pattern of verb conjugations:

1.-arhablar(to speak) Regular -ar verbs
2.-ervender(to sell)Regular -er verbs
3.-irpartir(to leave)Regular -ir verbs

B) Stem-changing verbs, which take the same endings as regular verbs, but undergo spelling changes in the radical* of some conjugations.

C) Irregular verbs, which have unique conjugations.

  When you encounter a new verb, be sure to learn its infinitive, which is used as the basis for just about everything you do with it. (The Spanish Verb Deconjugator can help!)

* Most Spanish verbs are conjugated by removing the infinitive ending to find the "radical" or "root" (e.g., hablar –> habl-) and then adding the appropriate ending, which is determined by a combination of five different elements:

  1. Number
  2. Person
  3. Tense
  4. Mood
  5. Voice

 Spanish Verb Conjugations

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Introduction to Spanish verbs