There are about a dozen Spanish verbs which must be conjugated with an indirect object pronoun. This grammatical construction does not exist in English, but it’s not difficult once you get used to it.
The following verbs require an indirect object pronoun (le represents the pronoun in the infinitive):
|convenirle||to suit, be good for|
|encantarle||to love something|
|entusiasmarle||to be excited about something|
|faltarle||to be missing something, to not have|
|fascinarle||to fascinate, to be fascinated by|
|hacerle falta||to need something|
|importarle||to care about something, to mind|
|interesarle||to be interested in|
|quedarle||to have something left|
|sobrarle||to have more than enough of something|
|tocarle||to be one’s turn|
OK, so here’s how it works. The indirect object precedes the verb. The verb can only be conjugated in the third person singular or plural, depending on the grammatical number of the subject which follows.
For example: "I care about school." School is singular, so the verb, importar, will be in the third person singular, and we end up with Me importa la escuela (literally "School is important to me").
In the sentence "I like books," the subject is plural, so the verb will be conjugated in the third person plural: Me gustan los libros (literally "Books are liking to me").
This construction can also be used with an infinitive as the subject: "We like to read" – Nos gusta leer.
The following table shows conjugations for indirect object pronoun verbs.
|GUSTAR – to like|
|me||gusta||el libro.||me||gustan||los libros.|
|te||gusta||el libro.||te||gustan||los libros.|
|le||gusta||el libro.||le||gustan||los libros.|
|nos||gusta||el libro.||nos||gustan||los libros.|
|os||gusta||el libro.||os||gustan||los libros.|
|les||gusta||el libro.||les||gustan||los libros.|
Note: Le can refer to him, her, it, or you (Ud.) and les can refer to them or you (Uds.), so to clarify, you can add a + person at the beginning of the sentence. (Remember that the preposition a must be used whenever a verb is followed by a person – learn more):
|A él le gusta el arte.||He likes art.|
|A Ana le quedan 100 pesos.||Ana has 100 pesos left.|
|A ellos les entusiasma viajar.||They are excited about traveling.|