Imperfect Subjunctive Conjugations

Spanish subjunctive
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Conjugaciones del imperfecto de subjuntivo

The Spanish imperfect subjunctive has two complete sets of conjugations. Although you only need to memorize and use one or the other, you still need to be able to recognize both. The -RA set of conjugations is more colloquial, used mostly orally in Spain and Latin America. The -SE set is more commonly found in writing.

To conjugate, take the third person plural preterite form of any regular, irregular, or stem-changing verb, drop the –RON ending to find the radical, and add the appropriate ending:

-RA conjugation

-SE conjugation

yo-ra  nosotros-´ramos  yo-se  nosotros-´semos
-rasvosotros-rais-sesvosotros-seis
él-raellos-ranél-seellos-sen

Notes

  • The yo and él forms of the imperfect subjunctive are identical within each set.
  • In the nosotros form of both conjugations, an acute accent ´ is added to the last vowel in the radical.

Por ejemplo …

HABLAR -» ellos hablaron

yohablara  nosotroshabláramos
hablarasvosotroshablarais
élhablaraelloshablaran
  
yohablasenosotroshablásemos
hablasesvosotroshablaseis
élhablaseelloshablasen
  

TENER -» ellos tuvieron

yotuviera  nosotrostuviéramos
tuvierasvosotrostuvierais
éltuvieraellostuvieran
  
yotuviesenosotrostuviésemos
tuviesesvosotrostuvieseis
éltuvieseellostuviesen

Page 1: Imperfect subjunctive usage
 

Spanish quizzes Imperfect Subjunctive Quizzes

Test yourself on the Spanish imperfect subjunctive with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises:

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Spanish subjunctive tenses

Usage

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Spanish subjunctive