Imperative Mood Conjugations: tú, vosotros

Conjugaciones del imperativo

Spanish imperative conjugations
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The Spanish imperative conjugations for and vosotros are different depending on whether the imperative is affirmative or negative.

Regular -AR verbs

Negative Imperative

Negative commands for and vosotros follow the same pattern as the imperative of other subject pronouns: take the present tense of the verb and change the A at the beginning of the suffix to E.

Present tenseImperative
tú estudias no estudies
vosotros estudiáisno estudiéis

affirmative

Take the present tense and drop the final S:

Present tenseImperative
tú estudiasestudia

Vosotros affirmative

Take the infinitive and replace the final R with D:

InfinitiveImperative
estudiarestudiad

En resumen …

 AffirmativeNegative
estudiano estudies
vosotrosestudiadno estudiéis

Regular -ER verbs

Negative Imperative

Negative commands for and vosotros again follow the same pattern as the imperative of other subject pronouns: change the E at the beginning of the suffix to A.

Present tenseImperative
tú bebes no bebas
vosotros bebéisno bebáis

affirmative

Take the present tense and drop the final S:

Present tenseImperative
tú bebesbebe

Vosotros affirmative

Take the infinitive and replace the final R with D:

InfinitiveImperative
beberbebed

En resumen …

 AffirmativeNegative
bebeno bebas
vosotrosbebedno bebáis

Regular -IR verbs

These are a little more complicated, but still mostly based on the present tense.

negative

Take the present tense and change the E at the beginning of the suffix to A.

Present tenseImperative
tú abres no abras

affirmative

Take the present tense and drop the final S:

Present tenseImperative
tú abresabre

Vosotros negative

Take the present tense and change Í to ÁI.

Present tenseImperative
vosotros abrísno abráis

Vosotros affirmative

Take the infinitive and replace the final R with D:

InfinitiveImperative
abrirabrid

En resumen …

 AffirmativeNegative
abreno abras
vosotrosabridno abráis

Notes

  • Affirmative commands follow the same pattern for all three types of regular verbs.
  • The imperative endings for -ER and -IR verbs are identical.
  • The vast majority of Spanish imperative conjugations are the same as subjunctive conjugations.

Page 1: Imperative conjugations for Uds., nosotros, and Uds.

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Imperativo conjugations in Spanish