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Short Spanish Adjectives - Shortened
There are several Spanish adjectives that have a shortened form when they precede certain nouns.
I. The most common shortened adjectives are those that drop the final -o in front of a masculine singular noun.
Note that algún and ningún require the addition of an accent in order to maintain the proper word stress.
II. The adjective Santo is shortened to San when it precedes most masculine saints' names.
III. There are two adjectives which are shortened before a noun of either gender:
IV. Ciento is shortened to cien when it precedes a plural noun of either gender or when it multiplies a number.