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Spanish languagePreguntas - Spanish Questions

Asking questions in Spanish is pretty straightforward. There are two main kinds of questions:

General questions

Sometimes called yes/no questions, general questions are a simple request for verification or denial. There are 3 ways to ask these questions:

1. Form a sentence and put question marks around it (when writing) or raise the intonation of your voice at the end (when speaking).
¿(Tú) tienes hambre?*
¿María está aquí?
2.  Invert the subject and verb.
¿Tienes (tú) hambre?
¿Está María aquí?
3. With a question that you're pretty sure will get a yes answer, you can use one of the following tags at the end:
   ¿no es verdad?
   ¿no es cierto?
Tienes hambre, ¿verdad? You're hungry, right?
María está aquí, ¿no? Maria is here, isn't she?

Information questions

Information questions are more complicated; they ask for more information, such as who, what, when, where, why, how, which, for what, etc.

Some common information question words:

quién who
qué what
cuándo when
dónde where
por qué why
cómo  how

Click on the Spanish word to hear it pronounced. Note that all question words have an accent.

In order to make a question with quién, simply use it to replace the subject of the sentence and use the third person singular form of the verb.

Tú tienes hambre. You're hungry.
¿Quién tiene hambre? Who is hungry?
Maria está aquí. Maria is here.
¿Quién está aquí? Who is here?

Making a question with the other question words is similar to #2 in general questions: Say the question word, then invert the subject and verb.

¿Dónde estás? Where are you?
¿Qué hacen ellos? What are they doing?
¿Cuándo vamos a comer? When are we going to eat?

* Note that Spanish has a two-part question mark: an upside-down question mark ¿ at the beginning of the question and ? at the end. See my accents page to learn how to type this.

* Also note that the subject pronoun is optional.


Spanish interrogative pronouns

Spanish interrogative adjectives

Spanish for Beginners


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