Lawless Spanish
Free Spanish Lessons
Online language learning with Laura K. Lawless
   
Lawless Spanish > Spanish Lessons > Grammar > Pronouns > Subject Pronouns
   
Menu

Subscribe to
the free 
Lawless Spanish
weekly
newsletter
Spanish newsletter


Spanish languagePronombres sujetos - Spanish Subject Pronouns

The subject of a sentence is the person or thing which performs the action. Subject pronouns replace this person or thing. You must understand subject pronouns before you begin conjugating Spanish verbs, as the form of verbs changes for each one.

Spanish is what linguists call a "pro-drop" language, which simply means that the pronoun can be dropped. It's not necessary for comprehension, the way it is in English, because the subject of the verb is evident from the conjugated verb. "I go" can be translated by "yo voy" or simply "voy" (from the verb ir - to go).

Pronombres de sujeto
Singular   Plural
1st person yo1 I      nosotros
nosotras5
we
2nd person you2 vosotros
vosotras5
you2
3rd person él
ella
he, it3
she, it3
ellos
ellas5
they
Ud.4 you2 Uds.4 you2

Notes

  1. Yo is only capitalized at the beginning of a sentence, unlike its English counterpart I. It is pronounced differently in Argentina.
     

  2. There are four words for you in Spanish.

    singular plural
    familiar vosotros
    formal Ud. Uds.
    Vosotros is used only in Spain. In Latin America, Uds. is the only plural "you," used to refer to both familiar and formal groups. The formal "yous" are used to show respect or to indicate the the person is unknown to the speaker. In Argentina and some other Spanish-speaking countries, there is an additional pronoun: vos.
      
  3. In Latin America, since all Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine, the 3rd person subject pronouns which correspond to the gender may sometimes be used. Thus él can refer to a male (he) or a masculine noun (it) and ella can refer to a female (she) or a feminine noun (it).*
     

  4. Ud. and Uds. are short for usted and ustedes, respectively, and may also be written Vd. and Vds. Note that they use the third person conjugations.
     

  5. Nosotras, vosotras, and ellas means we, you, and they respectively when all of the nouns (both people and things) referred to are feminine. If there are any masculine nouns, the subject pronoun defaults to the masculine nosotros, vosotros, or ellos.

*Spanish also has a neuter subject pronoun (ello).

  

Spanish grammar

  

©
All rights reserved.
About Lawless Spanish


Find Spanish Lessons
Custom Search

Advertise on
Lawless Spanish
Options & Rates

  

  



LKL's sites
  Learn English
  Learn French
  Veggie Table
  LKL homepage

  

 

  

  

Lawless Spanish

Popular Pages