Reflexive Pronouns

Spanish reflexive pronouns
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Pronombres reflexivos

Reflexive pronouns reiterate the subject, which may seem redundant, but in fact serves an important purpose: it indicates that the subject of the verb is performing that action on itself. In contrast, direct and indirect object pronouns indicate that the subject is performing the action on someone or something else.

Por ejemplo…

Me levanto a las ocho.   I get [myself] up at 8am.
Nos conocemos.   We know each other.

Characteristics of reflexive pronouns

  1. Are required with pronominal verbs
  2. Are only used with pronominal verbs
  3. Must agree with the subject
  4. Are usually placed directly in front of the verb (learn more)

Spanish reflexive pronouns

me me, myself   nos us, ourselves
ti you, yourself   os you, yourself, yourselves
se him(self), her(self), it(self)
yourself
  se them, themselves
yourselves

Word order

Like object pronouns, reflexive pronouns usually* directly precede the verb.

Por ejemplo…

Me baño.   I’m taking a bath.
¿Te maquillas?   Are you putting on make-up?
Nos vemos.   We see each other.

Agreement

Reflexive pronouns always have to agree with their subjects, with every tense, mood, and verb form.

Por ejemplo…

Future Me bañaré.   I will take a batch.
Infinitive Vamos a vernos.   We’re going to see each other.

Spanish quiz Reflexive Pronouns Quizzes

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Spanish reflexive pronouns