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Reflexive pronouns reiterate the subject, which may seem redundant, but in fact serves an important purpose: it indicates that the subject of the verb is performing that action on itself. In contrast, direct and indirect object pronouns indicate that the subject is performing the action on someone or something else.
|Me levanto a las ocho.||I get [myself] up at 8am.|
|Nos conocemos.||We know each other.|
Characteristics of reflexive pronouns
- Are required with pronominal verbs
- Are only used with pronominal verbs
- Must agree with the subject
- Are usually placed directly in front of the verb (learn more)
Spanish reflexive pronouns
|me||me, myself||nos||us, ourselves|
|ti||you, yourself||os||you, yourself, yourselves|
|se||him(self), her(self), it(self)|
Like object pronouns, reflexive pronouns usually* directly precede the verb.
|Me baño.||I’m taking a bath.|
|¿Te maquillas?||Are you putting on make-up?|
|Nos vemos.||We see each other.|
Reflexive pronouns always have to agree with their subjects, with every tense, mood, and verb form.
|Future||Me bañaré.||I will take a batch.|
|Infinitive||Vamos a vernos.||We’re going to see each other.|
Reflexive Pronouns Quizzes
Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on Spanish reflexive pronouns:
- * Reflexive pronoun placement
- Reflexive prepositional pronouns
- Reflexive se with unplanned occurrences
- Pronominal verbs
- Subject pronouns
- Direct objects
- Indirect objects
- Word order with double pronouns
- Direct, Indirect, and Reflexive Pronouns (Worksheet, 10th – higher ed)
- Pronombres (Worksheets, 9th-11th grade)
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