Possessive Pronouns

Spanish possessive pronouns
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Pronombres posesivos

Spanish possessive pronouns are used in place of nouns to indicate to whom or to what those nouns belong.

Por ejemplo…

¿Dónde está el tuyo?Where is yours?
He perdido las mías.I lost mine.

Characteristics of Spanish possessive pronouns

  1. Start with a definite article*
  2. Replace a possessive adjective + nouns
  3. Must agree with the possessed noun in number and gender
  4. Are identical to stressed form possessive adjectives

Spanish has 20 possessive pronouns

In Spanish, there are different forms of possessive adjectives for each grammatical person depending on whether the possessed noun is masculine or feminine, singular or plural.

  Singular Plural 
  MasculineFeminineMasculineFeminine
mine el míola míalos míoslas mías
yours () el tuyola tuyalos tuyoslas tuyas
his/hers/its/yours (Ud.) el suyola suyalos suyoslas suyas
ours el nuestrola nuestralos nuestroslas nuestras
yours (vosotros) el vuestrola vuestralos vuestroslas vuestras
theirs/yours (Uds.) el suyola suyalos suyoslas suyas

 Note that the Spanish possessive pronouns for third person singular (él, ella, Ud.) and plural (ellos, Uds.) are identical.

 ¡Atención!

The gender of the Spanish possessive pronoun must agree with the gender of the noun possessed, not that of the possessor. Men and women both say el mío in reference to trabajo, and la mía when talking about their casa, because trabajo is masculine and casa is feminine. This is particularly tricky for the third person singular, where English uses gender differently: we say "his" and "hers," but in Spanish, both of those must be translated by la suya if talking about, say, una casa. The gender of the owner is completely irrelevant, grammatically speaking.

HisHers
el trabajoil suyoil suyo
la casala suyala suya
los libroslos suyoslos suyos
las manzanaslas suyaslas suyas

* When a possessive pronoun follows the verb ser, the article can be omitted …

Estos libros son tuyos. These books are yours.
Ese bocadillo era mío. That sandwich was mine.

… unless you want to emphasize the owner:

Tus ideas son buenas, pero las mías son mejores.Your ideas are good, but mine are better.
Estas plumas, ¿son las vuestras o las nuestras? These pens, are they yours or ours?

 When the masculine singular possessive pronoun is preceded by the preposition a or de, the preposition contracts with the masculine singular definite article (el).

Por ejemplo…

Habla a tu padre; yo hablaré al mío. Talk to your dad; I’ll talk to mine.
Él disfruta de su curso, pero yo no disfruto del mío. He’s enjoying his class, but I’m not enjoying mine.

Neuter possessive pronoun

There is also a neuter possessive pronoun which is used when the possessed thing is abstract or unspecific, in the sense of one’s part, share, things, task, etc. The Spanish neuter possessive pronoun is formed with the neuter article lo plus the masculine singular possessive pronoun (mío, tío, suyo, nuestro, vuestro).

Por ejemplo…

¿No quieren lo mío? Don’t you want mine (my work, my share…)?
Perdió lo suyo. He lost his (his stuff, his things).
¿Cuánto es lo nuestro?How much is ours (our share)?

Spanish quiz Possessive Pronouns Quiz

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on Spanish possessive pronouns:

 Related lessons

Learn French En français

Learn Italian In italiano

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Possessive pronouns in Spanish

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