Interrogative Pronouns

Pronombres interrogativos

Who, what, which one? Use interrogative pronouns to ask these questions, which are a little more complicated in Spanish than in English.


Quién means "who" or "whom"; it is used when asking about people. It has the plural form quiénes.

¿Quién está aquí?   Who is here?
¿Quién viene conmigo?   Who’s coming with me?
¿Quiénes han ganado?   Who won?

Quién can also follow a preposition.

¿A quién habláis?   To whom are you speaking?
¿De quién es este libro?   Whose book is this?

Related lesson: Quién vs quien


Qué means "what" and is used to refer to ideas or things.

¿Qué quiere?   What does he want?
¿Qué piensas del libro?   What do you think of the book?
¿Qué es eso?   What is this?

Related lesson: Qué vs que


Cuál means "what" or "which" – it is used when distinguishing between two or more things. It has the plural form cuáles.

¿Cuál quieres – la pluma o el lápiz?   Which do you want – the pen or the pencil?
Hay muchas ideas. ¿Cuáles prefieres?   There are a lot of ideas. Which ones do you prefer?

 Spanish interrogative pronouns always have accents. Their unaccented counterparts are relative pronouns.

Related lessons