Who, what, which one? Use interrogative pronouns to ask these questions, which are a little more complicated in Spanish than in English.
Quién means "who" or "whom"; it is used when asking about people. It has the plural form quiénes.
|¿Quién está aquí?||Who is here?|
|¿Quién viene conmigo?||Who’s coming with me?|
|¿Quiénes han ganado?||Who won?|
Quién can also follow a preposition.
|¿A quién habláis?||To whom are you speaking?|
|¿De quién es este libro?||Whose book is this?|
Related lesson: Quién vs quien
Qué means "what" and is used to refer to ideas or things.
|¿Qué quiere?||What does he want?|
|¿Qué piensas del libro?||What do you think of the book?|
|¿Qué es eso?||What is this?|
Related lesson: Qué vs que
Cuál means "what" or "which" – it is used when distinguishing between two or more things. It has the plural form cuáles.
|¿Cuál quieres – la pluma o el lápiz?||Which do you want – the pen or the pencil?|
|Hay muchas ideas. ¿Cuáles prefieres?||There are a lot of ideas. Which ones do you prefer?|