Indefinite Adjectives

Spanish indefinite adjectives
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Adjetivos indefinidos

Indefinite adjectives describe nouns in a general or non-specific way. Many indefinite adjectives indicate a vague quantity.

Por ejemplo…

Cada estudiante debe hablar.      Each student must speak.
Quiero varias cosas.   I want several things.

Characteristics of indefinite adjectives

  1. Used in place of an article, not with one
  2. Placed directly in front of a noun
  3. Must agree with the noun in number and sometimes gender
  4. Many are identical to Spanish indefinite pronouns

Spanish indefinite adjectives

Masc sing Fem sing Masc plural Fem plural    
algún alguna algunos algunas   some, a few
cada         each
cierto cierta ciertos ciertas   certain
diverso diversa diversos diversas   various
mucho mucha muchos muchas   many, much, a lot
otro otra otros otras   other
poco poca pocos pocas   few, a little
tal   tales     some, any
todo toda todos todas   all
    varios varias   several, some

Using indefinite adjectives

+ Algún, cierto, diverso, mucho, otro, poco, and todo have four different forms and agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.

Veo a algunos hombres.   I see some men.
Tiene mucha libertad.   He has a lot of freedom.
Hay otras posibilidades.   There are other possibilities.
Todos los libros son buenos.   All of the books are good.

+ Cada is invariable – it is followed by a singular noun and the third personal singular verb form.

Cada país tiene sus proprias tradiciones.   Each country has its own traditions.
Quiero mirar cada coche.   I want to look at each car.

+ Tal has only singular and plural forms: tal, tales.

No hay tal cosa.   There’s no such thing.
Tales ideas nos ayudarán.   Such ideas will help us.

+ Varios has only masculine and feminine plural forms: varios, varias.

Tengo varios libros.   I have several books.
Compré varias flores.   I bought several flowers.

Notes

 Related lessons

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Adjetivos indefinidos

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