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Spanish languageLas preposiciones - Spanish Prepositions

Prepositions are the little words placed in front of nouns in order to indicate a relationship between that noun and the verb, adjective, or noun that follows.

This is an introduction to some of the most common Spanish prepositions. In upcoming lessons, we'll look at these prepositions in more detail.


to, at
Voy a Madrid. I'm going to Madrid.
Alguien está a la puerta. Someone is at the door.


connects a verb of purpose + infinitive
Voy a comer. I'm going to eat.
Ana viene a ayudar. Ana is coming to help.


joins any verb (except tener*) + a person (learn more)
Veo a la chica. I see the girl.
Quiere a los niños. He loves kids.
¿Buscas a Pablo? Are you looking for Pablo?


Tengo dos hermanos. I have two brothers.


Voy con Carlos. I'm going with Carlos.
chile con carne chili with meat


from, of, about
Es de Paris. He is from Paris.
el vaso de leche glass of milk
el libro de poesía book of poetry
la historia de amor  story about love


descriptively links two nouns
la clase de español Spanish class
el paño de cocina dishcloth, teacloth
el libro de historia history book


expresses possession - see lesson
el libro de Juan Juan's book


in, on, at
Estoy en la clase. I'm in the class.
Vamos en 10 minutos. We're going in 10 minutes.
El libro en la mesa The book on the table
  More uses of en


Leo sin gafas. I read without glasses.
Quiero un libro sin fotos. I want a book without pictures.


More Prepositions: Por vs Para

Spanish for Beginners Grammar Lessons

Verbs with Prepositions


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