Possessive de

Spanish’s Possessive Construction

The Spanish preposition de (of) is used to express possession, in place of the ‘s or s’ found in English.

To say that someone or something belongs to someone or something else, invert the possessor and the thing possessed and put de between them.

el libro de Juan   Juan’s book (literally, the book of Juan)
la abuela de Ana y Pablo   Pablo and Ana’s grandmother
la idea de los niños   the kids’ idea
la iglesia de Madrid   Madrid’s church

Note that you must include the definite article in front of the thing possessed.

Quiz: Possessive de

Related lessons