De

De - Spanish preposition
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Spanish preposition

The preposition de is generally summarized as "of, from, or about," but it has quite a few more meanings and uses than that.

  When de is followed by the definite article el, the two words must contract.

    el   But…   la los las
de   del       de la de los de las

1) Origin or starting point

  Es de Guatamala.   He’s from Guatamala.
      Llegamos de Madrid.   We’re arriving from Madrid.

2) Reference point

  Estamos a 5 km de tu casa.   We’re 2 kilometers from your house.
  Vive a 20 minutos de aquí.   He lives 20 minutes from here.

3) Possession

  el coche de Nico   Nico’s car
  el aeropuerto de Barcelona   Barcelona’s airport

4) Description, defining feature

      mi clase de español   my Spanish class
  la ropa de niño   children’s clothes

5) Contents

      un vaso de agua   glass of water
  una película de guerra   war film, film about war

6) Start of a period of time / range

      Trabajé de 8 a 11 de la mañana.   I worked from 8 to 11am.
  de lunes a sábado   from Monday to Saturday

7) After verbs

  Many verbs must be followed by de in front of a noun or infinitive.

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Spanish preposition de