Spanish preposition a
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The Spanish preposition a is generally summarized as "to or at," but it has a few more meanings and uses than that.

 When a is followed by the definite article el, the two words must contract: a + el = al.

Using a

1) Destination

     Estoy de camino a Madrid. I’m on my way to Madrid.
 ¡Vamos a la playa! Let’s go to the beach!

2) Position

 Alguien está a la puerta. Someone is at the door.
 Siempre está a mi lado. He’s always by my side.

3) Distance

 Estamos a dos kilómetros de la escuela. We’re two kilometers from the school.
 Vive a 20 minutos de aquí. He lives 20 minutes from here.

4) Point in time

     Llegará al mediodía. She’ll arrive at noon.
 Escribí mi primer libro a los 25 años. I wrote my first book at (the age of) 25.

5) End of a range of time / amount

     Necesito de 2 a 3 horas para hacerlo. I need 2 to 3 hours to do it.
 de lunes a sábado from Monday to Saturday

6) Manner or method

 ir a caballo to go on horseback
 pintado a mano painted by hand, hand-painted

7) Personal a

 Veo a la chica. I see the girl.
 ¿Buscas a Pablo? Are you looking for Pablo?

8) After verbs

 Many verbs must be followed by a in front of a noun or infinitive.

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A - Spanish preposition