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Spanish languageSpanish Possession

There are three ways to express possession in Spanish:

  1. Possessive adjectives
  2. Possessive pronouns
  3. Possessive de

Possessive adjectives are used with nouns to explain who something or someone belongs to.

Es mi coche. It's my car.
¿Son las llaves tuyas? Are these your keys?

Possessive pronouns replace possessive adjectives + nouns:

Es lo mío. It's mine.
¿Son las tuyas? Are these yours?

Aside from the fact that they have numerous forms for different grammatical persons, gender, and number, possessive adjectives and pronouns are pretty similar in Spanish and English.

However, to say that something is belongs to someone, where you would use 's or s' in English, you have to use the preposition de. In addition, you have to invert the possessor and the possessee and put de between them.

el coche de Pablo Pablo's car (literally, the car of Pablo)
las llaves de mis padres my parents' keys (literally, the keys of my parents)

Click these links to learn more about the three ways to express possession in Spanish.

Possessive adjectives     Possessive pronouns

Possessive de     Spanish grammar


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