Sustantivos femininos y plurales
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Like English nouns, most Spanish nouns have singular and plural forms. In addition, Spanish nouns referring to people and animals often have different masculine and feminine forms, which means that these nouns can have up to four forms:
|masculine singular||masculine plural|
|feminine singular||feminine plural|
Most Spanish nouns that have different forms end in –o when masculine and –a when feminine.
|a cashier||un cajero||una cajera|
|a Mexican||un mejicano||una mejicana|
Masculine nouns that end in a consonant add –a for the feminine form:
|a teacher||un profesor||una profesora|
|a German||un alemán||una alemana*|
* Note that the accent is no longer needed in the feminine form due to the rules of Spanish word stress.
When the masculine noun ends in -a or -e, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms.
|an artist||un artista||una artista|
|a Canadian||un canadiense||una canadiense|
Making nouns plural in Spanish is only slightly more complicated than in English.
1. If the noun ends in a vowel, add –s.
2. If the noun ends in any consonant except –z, add –es.
3. If the noun ends in –z, change it to –c and add –es. (Why?)
Feminine and Plural Quizzes
Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on feminine and plural Spanish nouns:
Note: The same rules apply when pluralizing adjectives.
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