Regular Feminine and Plural Nouns

Sustantivos femininos y plurales

Spanish nouns
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Like English nouns, most Spanish nouns have singular and plural forms. In addition, Spanish nouns referring to people and animals often have different masculine and feminine forms, which means that these nouns can have up to four forms:

masculine singular masculine plural
feminine singular feminine plural

Feminine nouns

Most Spanish nouns that have different forms end in –o when masculine and –a when feminine.

a cashier un cajero una cajera
a Mexican un mejicano una mejicana

Masculine nouns that end in a consonant add –a for the feminine form:

a teacher un profesor una profesora
a German un alemán una alemana*

 * Note that the accent is no longer needed in the feminine form due to the rules of Spanish word stress.

When the masculine noun ends in -a or -e, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms.

an artist un artista una artista
a Canadian un canadiense una canadiense

Plural nouns

Making nouns plural in Spanish is only slightly more complicated than in English.

1. If the noun ends in a vowel, add –s.

casa
hombre
foto
  casas
hombres
fotos

2. If the noun ends in any consonant except –z, add –es.

mujer
rey
mes
  mujeres
reyes
meses

3. If the noun ends in –z, change it to –c and add –es. (Why?)

vez
lápiz
nariz
  veces
lápices
narices

Spanish quizzes Feminine and Plural Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on feminine and plural Spanish nouns:

* You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless Spanish account to take this test. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!

 Note: The same rules apply when pluralizing adjectives.
 

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Spanish nouns - Sustantivos