Regular Feminine and Plural Nouns

Sustantivos femininos y plurales

Spanish nouns
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Like English nouns, most Spanish nouns have singular and plural forms. In addition, Spanish nouns referring to people and animals often have different masculine and feminine forms, which means that these nouns can have up to four forms:

masculine singularmasculine plural
feminine singularfeminine plural

Feminine nouns

Most Spanish nouns that have different forms end in –o when masculine and –a when feminine.

a cashierun cajerouna cajera
a Mexicanun mejicanouna mejicana

Masculine nouns that end in a consonant add –a for the feminine form:

a teacherun profesoruna profesora
a Germanun alemánuna alemana*

 * Note that the accent is no longer needed in the feminine form due to the rules of Spanish word stress.

When the masculine noun ends in -a or -e, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms.

an artistun artistauna artista
a Canadianun canadienseuna canadiense

Plural nouns

Making nouns plural in Spanish is only slightly more complicated than in English.

1. If the noun ends in a vowel, add –s.

casa
hombre
foto
 casas
hombres
fotos

2. If the noun ends in any consonant except –z, add –es.

mujer
rey
mes
 mujeres
reyes
meses

3. If the noun ends in –z, change it to –c and add –es. (Why?)

vez
lápiz
nariz
 veces
lápices
narices

Spanish quizzes Feminine and Plural Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on feminine and plural Spanish nouns:

* You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless Spanish account to take this test. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!

 Note: The same rules apply when pluralizing adjectives.
 

 Related lessons

Learn French En français

Learn Italian In italiano

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Spanish nouns - Sustantivos

Questions about Spanish?

 Ask me in the comments section below or visit the Progress with Lawless Spanish Q+A forum to get help from native Spanish speakers and fellow learners.
 

More Lawless Spanish

 Subscribe to my free, weekly newsletter.
      

Support Lawless Spanish

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please