Gender Exceptions

Género gramatical: excepciones

Gender in Spanish
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One of the first things that Spanish students learn is that most Spanish nouns that end in -o are masculine and most that end in -a are feminine. Here are the exceptions to this rule.

Feminine nouns that end in -o

la dinamo dynamo
la disco* disco
la foto* photo 
la Gestapo Gestapo
la libido libido
la magneto magneto
la mano hand 
la moto* motorcycle 
la polio polio
la porno* pornography
la radio* radio

 * These words are shortened from words that do end in A: discoteca, fotografía, motocicleta, pornografía, and radiodifusión.

Masculine nouns that end in -a

el aroma aroma, scent
el Canadá Canada
el clima climate 
el cometa comet 
el cura priest
el diagrama diagram, outline
el dilema dilemma
el diploma diploma
el drama drama
el día day
el enigma enigma
el esquema outlne
el fantasma ghost
el idioma language 
el mapa map
el morfema morpheme
el panorama panorama
el planeta planet
el poema poem
el problema problem
el programa program
el síntoma symptom
el sistema system
el sofá  sofa
el tanga thong, G-string
el telegrama telegram
el teorema theorem
el tema theme
el tranvía streetcar
el trauma trauma

Also see my lesson on the stressed A, which causes feminine nouns to take the masculine article.

Spanish quizzes Gender Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on the gender of Spanish nouns:

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Spanish gender exceptions

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