In Spanish, suffixes called augmentatives can be added to nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and names to indicate bigness, as well as other ideas such as excessiveness, contempt, or disdain. In this way, you can say that something is big without adding an adjective like grande to indicate bigness or repugnante to indicate contempt.
In Spanish, suffixes called diminutives can be added to nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and names to indicate smallness, as well as other ideas such as affection, humor, pity, irony, or ridicule. In this way, you can say that something is little without adding an adjective like pequeño to indicate smallness or querido to indicate affection.
In general, Spanish nouns that end in -o are masculine, and those that end in -a are feminine. Here are the exceptions to this rule.
While the gender of many Spanish nouns can be determined by the final letter, that’s not always the case. Fortunately, there are several categories of words that are always masculine.
A noun is a word that represents a thing, either concrete (e.g., a chair, a dog) or abstract (an idea, happiness). In Spanish, all nouns have a gender.
Making nouns plural in Spanish is slightly more complicated than in English, but it’s not too bad.
There’s an interesting phenomenon in Spanish regarding feminine nouns that begin with a stressed A sound. When these nouns are singular and preceded directly by a definite article, the masculine article is used instead of the feminine article you might expect.