Dates

Spanish datesFechas

Talking about the date in Spanish is a little bit tricky. There are two things to keep in mind: the definite article is often used and (Attn: American English speakers) the number always precedes the month.

To ask "What's the date?" say ¿Cuál es la fecha? or ¿A cuánto estamos hoy?

Use the following construction to respond:

Es el
Hoy es el
Estamos a
  + date + de + month  
(+ de + year)

Por ejemplo…

Es el 8 de abril.   It’s April 8th.
Estamos a 30 de octubre de 1999.   It’s October 30, 1999.
Hoy es el 2 de enero de 2018.   Today is January 2nd, 2018.

However, on the first day of the month, most speakers use the ordinal number primero (first) or 1o (1st) rather than the cardinal number uno:

Es el primero de abril.
Hoy es el 1o de abril.
  It’s April 1st.

but

Es el 4 de julio.   It’s July 4th.

To write the short form of the date, it is essential to remember that the date goes first, and then the month. This can be very confusing for American English speakers!

American English   April 4, 2018 = 4/8/18
Spanish   el 8 de abril 2018 = 8-4-18

If you want to answer with the day of the week, use the following construction:

Es
Hoy es
Estamos a
} + day, + date + de + month  
(+ de + year)

Por ejemplo…

Es sábado, 8 abril de 1999.   It’s Saturday, April 8, 1999.
Hoy es martes, 25 de diciembre de 2018.   Today is Tuesday, December 25, 2018.
Estamos a lunes, 3 de agosto.   It’s Monday, August 3rd.

To ask "What day (of the week) is it?" say ¿Qué día es hoy?

To answer, simply use (Hoy) Es + the day of the week.

Hoy es sábado.   Today is Saturday.
Es jueves.   It’s Thursday.

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