Subordinating Conjunctions

Conjunciones de subordinación

Spanish subordinating conjunctionsSubordinating conjunctions join dependent (subordinate) clauses to main clauses. You can recognize a dependent clause by the fact that it cannot stand alone – its meaning is incomplete without the main clause.

Por ejemplo …

Dije que estoy ocupado. – I said that I am busy.

The main clause is I said. What did I say? That I am busy. "I am busy" is incomplete without "I said." I might not in fact be busy, but I said that I was.
 

Como no tengo dinero, no puedo ir.Since I don’t have any money, I can’t go.

The main clause is I can’t go. Why can’t I go? Because I don’t have any money. The idea here is not that I don’t want to go, but the fact that I can’t go since I don’t have any money.
 

Te lo diré cuando nos veamos. – I will tell you when I see you.

The main clause is I will tell you. When will I tell you? When I see you. So "I will tell you" is incomplete without the juxtaposition "when I see you."
 

Spanish subordinating conjunctions

a condición de que   on the condition that
a fin de que   so that
a menos que   unless
antes (de) que   before
aunque   even though
bien que   even though
como   as, since
con tal (de) que   provided that, as long as
cuando   when
en caso de que   in case
en vista de que   in view of the fact htat
hasta que   until
mientras que   provided that, as long as
para que   so that
por miedo de que   for fear that
porque   because
pues   for, because
puesto que   since
que   that
si   if
sin que   without
siempre que   provided that, as long as
tan pronto como   as soon as
ya que   since

Note that many of these conjunctions must be followed by the subjunctive.

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