And + Or

Conjunciones coordinantes

And or in Spanish
Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

The words "and" and "or" are coordinating conjunctions. In Spanish, these two words have a few different forms depending on what they’re used with.

And = y, e

"And" is normally translated as y.

Por ejemplo…

José y Ana hablan francés. José and Ana speak French.
Me gustan las fresas y las frambuesas. I like strawberries and raspberries.
Necesitamos sal y hielo. We need salt and ice.

When "and" precedes a word that begins with the sound [i], the Spanish translation is e instead of y, in order to avoid having two "i" sounds in a row. This includes words that begin with i and hi, but not words that begin with hie.

Hay templos e iglesias en este calle. There are temples and churches on this street.
Todos mis hijos e hijas han ido a la universidad. All of my sons and daughters have gone to college.

Or = o, ó, u

"Or" is normally translated as o.

Por ejemplo…

¿Quieres café o té? Do you want coffee or tea?
Paco o David puede ayudarte. Paco or David can help you.

When "or" precedes a word that begins with the sound [o], the Spanish translation is u instead of o, in order to avoid having two "o" sounds in a row. This includes words that begin with o and ho.

Hay siete u ocho estudiantes en la oficina. There are seven or eight students in the office.
¿Es vertical u horizontal? Is it vertical or horizontal?

When o is used with numerals, it becomes ó with an accent, to avoid confusion with the number 0.

2 ó 3 2 or 3
9 ó 10 9 or 10

 Related lessons

Learn French En français

Learn Italian In italiano

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Spanish and y e or o u ó

Questions about Spanish?

 Ask me in the comments section below or visit the Progress with Lawless Spanish Q+A forum to get help from native Spanish speakers and fellow learners.
 

More Lawless Spanish

 Subscribe to my free, weekly newsletter.
      

Support Lawless Spanish

  This free website is created with love and a great deal of work.

If you love it, please