Augmentatives

Spanish augmentativesAumentativos

In Spanish, suffixes called augmentatives can be added to nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and names to indicate bigness, as well as other ideas such as excessiveness, contempt, or disdain. In this way, you can say that something is big without adding an adjective like grande to indicate bigness or repugnante to indicate contempt.

Augmentatives change to match the gender and number of the word they modify. Common Spanish augmentatives:

masculine -ón -azo -ote -acho
feminine -ona -aza -ota -acha

Using Spanish augmentatives

Augmentatives are less common than their counterpart diminutives, but they are easier to tack on.

1. Words that end in a consonant take the whole suffix:

mujer woman   mujerona big, strapping woman
animal animal   animalote big, nasty animal

2. When the word to be modified ends with a vowel, the vowel is dropped before adding the ending:

hombre man   hombrón big, strapping man
libro book   librote big, heavy book
éxito success   exitazo great success
grande big   grandón very big

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