Augmentatives

Spanish augmentatives
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Aumentativos

In Spanish, suffixes called augmentatives can be added to nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and names to indicate bigness, as well as other ideas such as excessiveness, contempt, or disdain. In this way, you can say that something is big without adding an adjective like grande to indicate bigness or repugnante to indicate contempt.

Augmentatives change to match the gender and number of the word they modify. Common Spanish augmentatives:

masculine-ón-azo-ote-acho
feminine-ona-aza-ota-acha

Using Spanish augmentatives

Augmentatives are less common than their counterpart diminutives, but they are easier to tack on.

1. Words that end in a consonant take the whole suffix:

mujerwoman mujeronabig, strapping woman
animalanimal animalotebig, nasty animal

2. When the word to be modified ends with a vowel, the vowel is dropped before adding the ending:

hombreman hombrónbig, strapping man
librobook librotebig, heavy book
éxitosuccess exitazogreat success
grandebig grandónvery big

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Spanish augmentatives