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The aptly named indefinite article indicates an unspecific or unidentified noun.
|Veo a una gata y a un perro.||I see a cat and a dog.|
|Tiene una idea.||He has an idea.|
Characteristics of indefinite articles
- Used with countable nouns (as opposed to uncountable nouns like money and water)
- Placed directly in front of a noun or an adjective + noun
- Agree with the noun in number and sometimes gender
Spanish indefinite articles
|a, an, one||un||una|
+ There are two singular articles, each of which can mean a, an, or one:
- Masculine: un
- Feminine: una
+ Likewise, there are two plural indefinite articles. Both are equivalent to "some":
- Masculine plural: unos
- Feminine plural: unas
Using indefinite articles
You can use indefinite articles in front of unnamed, unidentified, or unspecified nouns, as long as they are countable.
|Hay un problema.||There’s a problem. (What problem?)|
|Una turista resultó herida.||A tourist was wounded. (Who?)|
The indefinite article can also refer to just one of something:
|Hay un estudiante en la sala.||There is one student in the room.|
|Tengo solamente una hermana.||I only have one sister.|
The plural indefinite article means "some":
|Compré unas naranjas.||I bought some oranges.|
|Quiero unos libros.||I want some books.|
When referring to a person’s profession, the indefinite article is not used in Spanish, although it is used in English.
|Soy profesor.||I am a teacher.|
|Ana quiere ser médica.||Ana wants to be a doctor.|
Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on Spanish articles with these fill-in-the-blanks exercises:
Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless Spanish account to take these tests. If you don’t have one, sign up – it’s free!
Spanish lesson plans
- Definite and Indefinite Articles (Worksheet, 8th-9th grade)
- Indefinite Articles (Worksheet, 6th-7th grade)
- Pets and Indefinite Articles (Worksheet, 4th-5th grade)
- Sustantivos (PPT, 6th-12th grade)
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