Comparative Adverbs

Spanish comparative adverbsAdverbios comparativos

Comparative adverbs are used to compare the relative superiority or inferiority of two or more things. This superior lesson will keep you from getting an inferiority complex. ūüėČ

There are three types of comparisons:

1) Superiority indicates that something is "___er" (bigger, faster, stronger) or "more ___" (more purple, more tired, more important). The Spanish equivalent is m√°s ___ (que).

2) Inferiority indicates that something is "less ___" (less hungry, less exciting, less complete). The Spanish equivalent is menos ___ (que).

3) Equality indicates that two or more things are "as ___" (as happy, as thirsty, as much). The Spanish equivalents are tan ___ como and tanto ___ como.

The grammar involved in using comparative adverbs is slightly different depending on whether you’re comparing adjectives, adverbs, nouns, or verbs.

1. With m√°s and menos, the que + noun/pronoun construction is (optional). With tan and tanto como, however, the noun/pronoun is required.

Hay m√°s naranjas (que manzanas).   There are more oranges (than apples)
Ana es m√°s grande (que Lucas).   Ana is taller (than Lucas).
Sevilla es menos caro (que Barcelona).   Sevilla is less/not as expensive (than/as Barcelona).

2. In comparatives of equality, tan is used with adjectives (tan guapo como) and adverbs (tan r√°pidamente como), while tanto (tanta, tantos, tantas) is used with nouns (tanto dinero como) and verbs (trabajamos tanto como).

Soy tan guapo como Jos√©.    I’m as handsome as Jos√©.
Tengo tanto dinero como Uds.   I have as much money as you.

3. Bueno and malo have irregular comparative (and superlative) forms:

Comparative Superlative
bueno mejor(es) lo(s)/la(s) mejor(es)
malo peor(es)   lo(s)/la(s) peor(es)

 
Spanish quizzes Comparatives Quiz

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