Comparative Adverbs

Spanish comparative adverbs
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Adverbios comparativos

Comparative adverbs are used to compare the relative superiority or inferiority of two or more things. This superior lesson will keep you from getting an inferiority complex. 😉

There are three types of comparisons:

1) Superiority indicates that something is "___er" (bigger, faster, stronger) or "more ___" (more purple, more tired, more important). The Spanish equivalent is más ___ (que).

2) Inferiority indicates that something is "less ___" (less hungry, less exciting, less complete). The Spanish equivalent is menos ___ (que).

3) Equality indicates that two or more things are "as ___" (as happy, as thirsty, as much). The Spanish equivalents are tan ___ como and tanto ___ como.

The grammar involved in using comparative adverbs is slightly different depending on whether you’re comparing adjectives, adverbs, nouns, or verbs.

1. With más and menos, the que + noun/pronoun construction is (optional). With tan and tanto como, however, the noun/pronoun is required.

Por ejemplo…

Marco es más bajo (que David).   Marco is shorter (than David).
Hay menos naranjas (que manzanas).   There are fewer oranges (than apples)

2. In comparatives of equality, tan is used with adjectives (tan guapo como) and adverbs (tan rápidamente como), while tanto (tanta, tantos, tantas) is used with nouns (tanto dinero como) and verbs (trabajamos tanto como).

Por ejemplo…

Soy tan guapo como José.    I’m as handsome as José.
Tengo tanto dinero como Uds.   I have as much money as you.

3. Bueno and malo have irregular comparative (and superlative) forms:

Comparative Superlative
bueno
buena
buenos
buenas
mejor

mejores
 

lo mejor
la mejor
los mejors
las mejores
malo
mala
malos
malas
peor
 
peores
 
lo peor
la peor
los peores
las peores

Spanish quizzes Comparatives Quizzes

Think you’ve got it? Test yourself on comparatives:

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Spanish lesson plans Spanish lesson plans

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Spanish comparatives

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