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Cuyo is a relative adjective that means "whose," "of whom," or "of which." Like other Spanish adjectives, cuyo has masculine, feminine, singular, and plural forms:
Cuyo is used to indicate the noun which is the object of the clause that follows it. Cuyo is relative because it introduces a relative clause, and an adjective because it must be followed by a noun. Note that cuyo has a possessive value as well.
Por ejemplo …
|Esa casa, cuya puerta es amarilla, es muy bonita.||That house, whose door (or "the door of which") is yellow, is very pretty.|
|¿Dónde está el profesor cuyas clases comienzan a las ocho?||Where is the teacher whose classes begin at 8?|
|Es el chico cuyo padre murió.||It’s the boy whose father died.|
|El escritor, cuyos libros Ana quiere comprar, vive en México.||The writer, whose books Ana wants to buy, lives in Mexico.|
|en cuyo caso||in which case|
|por cuya razón||for this reason|
Note that cuyo is formal and therefore rare in spoken Spanish. The colloquial equivalent is que plus some other indication of possession:
|Esa casa que tiene la puerta amarilla …||The house with the yellow door (literally, "that has the yellow door") …|
|¿Dónde está el profesor que sus clases comienzan a las ocho?||Where is the teacher whose classes begin at 8?|
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