Possessive Adjectives – Long Forms

Adjetivos posesivos acentuados

Possessive adjectives indicate to whom or to what something belongs. In Spanish there are different forms of possessive adjectives depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. There are also two different sets of possessive adjectives: long/stressed forms (explained here) and short/unstressed forms.

The long or stressed form of Spanish possessive adjectives are the following:

  Masculine Feminine
mine   mío(s) mía(s)
yours (tú)   tuyo(s) tuya(s)
his/hers/its
yours
(Ud.)
  suyo(s) suya(s)
ours   nuestro(s) nuestra(s)
yours (vosotros)   vuestro(s) vuestra(s)
theirs
yours
(Uds.)
  suyo(s) suya(s)

There are three important things to know about the long form of Spanish possessive adjectives:

  1. The possessive adjective must match the noun being modified in gender and number.
  2. The adjective follows the noun.
  3. This construction puts the stress on the adjective rather than the noun.
Es un amigo mío.   He’s a friend of mine.
¿Dónde está el libro tuyo? Where is your book?
Las ideas nuestras son mejores. Our ideas are better.

Note that Spanish possessive adjectives are identical to possessive pronouns, but their usage is different: possessive pronouns replace nouns, while possessive adjectives modify nouns.

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