Indefinite Adjectives

Spanish indefinite adjectives
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Adjetivos indefinidos

Indefinite adjectives describe nouns in a general or non-specific way. Many indefinite adjectives indicate a vague quantity.

Por ejemplo…

Todos los libros son buenos. All of the books are good.
Cada estudiante debe hablar.    Each student must speak.
Hay otras posibilidades. There are other possibilities.
Quiero varias cosas. I want several things.

Characteristics of indefinite adjectives

  1. Used in place of an article, not with one
  2. Placed directly in front of a noun
  3. Must agree with the noun in number and sometimes gender
  4. Many are identical to Spanish indefinite pronouns

Spanish indefinite adjectives

Masc singFem singMasc pluralFem plural  
algúnalgunaalgunosalgunas some, a few
cada    each
ciertociertaciertosciertas certain
diversodiversadiversosdiversas various
muchomuchamuchosmuchas many, much, a lot
otrootraotrosotras other
pocopocapocospocas few, a little
tal tales  some, any
todotodatodostodas all
  variosvarias several, some

Using indefinite adjectives

+ Algún, cierto, diverso, mucho, otro, poco, and todo have four different forms and agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.

Veo a algunos hombres. I see some men.
Tiene mucha libertad. He has a lot of freedom.

+ Cada is invariable – it is followed by a singular noun and the third personal singular verb form.

Cada país tiene sus proprias tradiciones. Each country has its own traditions.
Quiero mirar cada coche. I want to look at each car.

+ Tal has only singular and plural forms: tal, tales.

No hay tal cosa. There’s no such thing.
Tales ideas nos ayudarán. Such ideas will help us.

+ Varios has only masculine and feminine plural forms: varios, varias.

Tengo varios libros. I have several books.
Compré varias flores. I bought several flowers.

Notes

 Related lessons

Learn French En français

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Adjetivos indefinidos

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