Indefinite Adjectives

Adjetivos indefinidos

Affirmative indefinite adjectives are used to modify nouns in a unspecific sense.

Todos los libros son buenos.   All of the books are good.
Cada estudiante debe hablar.      Each student must speak.
Hay otras posibilidades.   There are other possibilities.
Quiero varias cosas.   I want several things.

Spanish indefinite adjectives

     

Notes

algún/alguna   some, a few 1
cada   each 2
cierto   certain 1
diverso   various 1
mucho   many, much, a lot 1
otro   other 1
poco   few, a little 1
tal   some, any 3
todo   all 1
varios   several, some 4

Notes

1. These pronouns have four different forms and agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.

Veo a algunos hombres.   I see some men.
Tiene mucha libertad.   He has a lot of freedom.

2. Cada is invariable – it is followed by a singular noun and the third personal singular verb form.

Cada país tiene sus proprias tradiciones.   Each country has its own traditions.
Quiero mirar cada coche.   I want to look at each car.

3. Tal has only singular and plural forms: tal, tales.

No hay tal cosa.   There’s no such thing.
Tales ideas nos ayudarán.   Such ideas will help us.

4. Varios has only masculine and feminine plural forms: varios, varias.

Tengo varios libros.   I have several books.
Compré varias flores.   I bought several flowers.

5. Unlike most Spanish adjectives, indefinite adjectives precede the noun they modify.

6. A Spanish indefinite article + noun can be replaced with an indefinite pronoun.

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