Demonstrative Adjectives

Adjetivos demostrativos

Spanish demonstrative adjectives
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Demonstrative adjectives (this, that) are used to indicate a specific noun or nouns. In Spanish, they must agree with the noun(s) in number and gender.

Por ejemplo…

Este árbol es bonito This tree is cute.
Aquellas montañas son altas. Those mountains are tall.

Characteristics of demonstrative adjectives

  1. Used in place of an article, not with one
  2. Placed directly in front of a noun or an adjective + noun
  3. Agree with the demonstrated noun in number and sometimes gender
  4. Demonstrative adjective + noun can be replaced by a demonstrative pronoun

Spanish demonstrative adjectives

There are three sets of Spanish demonstrative adjectives:

  1. este – this (near the speaker)
  2. ese – that (near the listener)
  3. aquel – that (far from both the speaker and listener).
 this that that (far)
masculine singular este ese aquel
feminine singular esta esa aquella
masculine plural estos esos aquellos
feminine plural estas esas aquellas

Because both ese and aquel mean "that," I’ve added phrases into the English translations in order to clarify the difference between these two demonstrative adjectives.

Este profesor habla mucho. This teacher talks a lot.
Esa camisa es bonita. That shirt (you’re wearing) is pretty.
Aquellos estudiantes no comprenden. Those students (over there) don’t understand.
Esta chica está lista. This girl is ready.
Esos libros son estúpidos. Those books (you just picked up) are stupid.
Me gusta aquella casa. I like that house (on the other side of the street).

 Note: Each set of Spanish demonstrative adjectives corresponds with at least adverb of place.

este aquí or acáhere
ese ahíthere
aquel allí or alláover there

Spanish quiz Demonstrative Adjectives Quizzes

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Spanish demonstrative adjectives