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One of the eight parts of speech, adjectives are a type of modifier; that is, they modify or describe nouns in a certain way, letting you know the size, shape, weight, color, nationality, or any of a myriad other possible qualities of nouns.
Adjectives serve the same purpose in Spanish and English, but they are very different in other respects.
Characteristics of Spanish Adjectives
- Modify nouns
- Must agree in gender and number with nouns
- Usually follow nouns
- May be modified by adverbs
Gender and Number of Spanish Adjectives
English adjectives have a single form, but Spanish adjectives can have up to 4 forms, according to the gender and number of the nouns they modify:
|masculine singular||masculine plural|
|feminine singular||feminine plural|
If you’ve already studied the noun lesson, some of these rules will look familiar.
1) Masculine singular is the default form and usually ends in -o. This changes to -a for feminine singular. For plural, add -s.
2) When the masculine adjective ends in -a or -e, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms. The plural is still created by adding -s.
3) When the adjective ends in any consonant except -n, -r, or -z, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms, and the plural is created by adding -es.
4) When the adjective ends in z, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms, and the plural is created by changing the z to a c and adding -es. (Why?)
5) For adjectives that end in -n or -r,* the feminine is created by adding -a, the masculine plural by adding -es and the feminine plural by adding -as.
* Except for peor and mejor, which follow rule 3, above.
- Adjectives (PPT, 6th-12th grade)
- Adjective Agreement (Worksheet, 6th-8th grade)
- Descriptive Adjectives (Worksheet, 9th-10th grade)
- Practice with Adjectives (Worksheet, 6th-9th grade)
- Review of Adjectives (Lesson plan, 6th-8th grade)
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