The Spanish prepositions por and para tend to be difficult for Spanish students, because they can – but don’t always – both mean "for." Por is considerably more common, so in theory, you might be able to get away with just memorizing the uses for para and then using por for everything else. In reality, it’s good to learn the rules, so here they are.
It’s vital to understand the distinctions between pretérito and imperfecto in order to use them correctly and thus express past events accurately.
The Spanish letter R is pronounced by rolling or trilling the tip of the tongue against the roof of the mouth – learn more.
In Spanish, you will often see an object pronoun, either direct or indirect, used in addition to the actual noun that it would normally replace. This redundant object pronoun may be required or simply stylistic.
Reflexive verbs must be used with a reflexive pronoun in order to indicate that the subject is performing the action of the verb upon itself. Reflexive verbs exist in English, but they are much more common in Spanish.
Just like in English, a Spanish relative pronoun links a dependent/relative clause (i.e., a clause that cannot stand alone) to a main clause.
The Spanish verbs saber and conocer can both be translated by the English verb “to know,” but they are used in completely different situations.
The Spanish verbs ser and estar both mean “to be” and are a difficult grammar point for many students of Spanish.
Si clauses, also known as conditionals or conditional sentences, are if-then constructions that express a condition to be met in order for a certain result to occur. They are divided into three types, depending on whether the condition is likely, unlikely, or impossible.
Figuring out how to pronounce a new Spanish word is fairly easy, because there are consistent rules about how to pronounce each letter, and only two silent letters.